بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Selections from the Book
Since the 13th century Hijri (19th century AD), several movements were established to revive the Ummah but were all unsuccessful in their attempts. However, these movements had a strong influence over those who came after them to repeat the attempts. Upon scrutinizing these movements and their attempts for revival, one can conclude that the causes for their failure (from a structural point of view) are due to the following four factors:
1. The movements were established upon a general undefined idea (fikrah), which was vague, or unclear. In addition, the idea lacked focus, purity, and clarity.
2. The movements did not define a method (Tareeqah) to implement their idea; rather, they proceeded through improvised and twisted means. Furthermore, their means were undefined and ambiguous.
3. The movements relied upon individuals who lacked full awareness, and a well-focused determination. Individuals were driven solely by their desire or zeal to work.
4. The individuals carrying the responsibility of these movements did not have a correct bond amongst themselves. They were merely bound by being members in a structure that manifested itself in certain actions and titles.
Consequently, it was only natural for such movements to surge forward until their efforts and enthusiasm were exhausted, causing their activities to die down and they eventually became extinct. Other movements emerged thereafter, who followed the same pattern until they, too, became extinct. The failure of all these movements was only natural, because they were not based on a correct, clear and a defined idea. In addition, they did not have a correct method, they depended upon individuals who lacked awareness, and were not bound by a correct bond.
The real philosophy for revival (NahDah) is an ideology that combines the idea and the method, and any group that undertakes serious efforts towards revival must understand both. Since this ideology (Islam) has now become clear, it is therefore possible to acquire the proper understanding needed to establish the correct Hizbi structure. The structure, which emanates from this correct understanding, will naturally be effective, creative and progressive. The society should fully support this structure and carry its burden, because this structure fully comprehends its idea, is aware of its correct method, and understands its mission.
However, merely understanding the ideology without establishing the structure is not enough for a correct revival. The individuals within it must be suitable for this structure, and the bond (RaabiTah) that binds the members must be correct and productive. The suitability of the individuals is determined by the structure's method of binding its members to the Hizb (Tareeqat ur-rabT). In an ideological Hizb, the method of binding individuals within the Hizb, is the individual's absolute adherence to the Aqeedah, and maturity in the Hizbi culture. Therefore, the suitability of any person would be determined naturally through the individual being molded into the Hizb when the Daw'ah interacts with him, and not through ceremonial or organizational procedures. The bond, which binds these individuals in a group, is the ‘Aqeedah and the Hizb culture emanating from this ‘Aqeedah.
The correct structure is an ideological Hizb based on Islam. In this structure, the idea would constitute the soul of the Hizb as well as its nucleus and the essence of its existence. The first cell of the structure would be a person who embodies the idea, and a method which is of the same nature as the idea, until he becomes a person of the same quality as the idea in his purity and clarity, and like the method in his distinctness and straightforwardness. Once these three elements come together - theprofound idea, the clear method and the sincere person - the first cell comes into existence. Soon the cell multiplies into other cells to form the first circle of the Hizb, or "the leadership" (qiyaadah). Once the first circle is formed, the Hizb group (Kutlah Hizbiyyah) emerges.The group then requires a Hizbi bond to bind the individuals who have embraced both the idea and the method. This Hizb bond is the ‘Aqeedah, from which the outlook of the Hizb and the culture that characterizes the Hizb's concepts emanate. The Hizb group will thus proceed in the mainstream of life once it is formed. During this process, the Hizb will encounter many situations, face many obstacles, and be exposed to many different environments. In other words, the circumstances around it will fluctuate from hot to cool. Sometimes the Hizb would be stormed upon very strongly, and sometimes mildly. At other times, the Hizb will pass through a situation where it can see its path clearly, and sometimes the situation will be cloudy. If the Hizbi group manages to withstand these conditions, then its idea will become crystallized, its method clarified, and the group will have succeeded in preparing its members, and strengthening the bond of the group. It will then be able to take the practical steps in the Da'wah and the activity. At this point, it moves from being a Hizbi bloc to a fully-fledged ideological Hizb working towards revival. This is the correct structure, whose nucleus and essence of its existence is the idea.
This struggle will continue until all these ideas, doctrines and methods collapse, and only the ideology of the Party remains in the Ummah as its thought and 'Aqeedah.' Once the Hizb unified the thoughts, the doctrines, and the opinions, it will have correctly established the unity of the Ummah with clear insight, thus melting and purifying it to become one single Ummah. Hence, the correct unity will be achieved. Then follows the second stage of the Hizb, which is to lead the Ummah to undertake the work of radical reform in order to revive the Ummah and to fulfill its obligation of carrying Islam to the world. Because this Hizbi structure must be a collective movement and not an individualistic one, those in charge of the Hizb in the Islamic countries must deeply scrutinize the collective movements and understand them.
These are the steps in which the Hizb proceeds in life in order to transfer the idea into practice, which include transferring the ideology into the life by resuming the Islamic way of life, reviving the society, and carrying the Da'wah to the world. At that time, the Hizb would begin the practical role for which it was founded. Hence, the Hizb is the true guarantee of establishing the Islamic State, maintaining it, implementing Islam, enhancing its implementation, continuing this implementation, and carrying the Islamic Da'wah to the world. This is because, once it established the State, it will act as a monitor (raqeeb) over the State. It will hold it accountable, and it will lead the Ummah in this mission. At the same time, it would carry the Islamic Da'wah in the Islamic countries and all other parts of the world.