بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Synopsis of How the Khilafah was Destroyed
It is 100 years now since the Khilafah (Caliphate) was destroyed in Rajab 1342 Hijri by the colonialists and their agent rulers in the Muslim world. It is imperative to shade some light on what really transpired so that the Muslim Ummah can understand the most painful part of their history. It is hoped that through this summation the Muslim Ummah will be motivated and be steadfast in working for the resumption of their guardian and shield, the State of Khilafah. Whose absence has made the Muslim Ummah an orphan while the killers of her mother ‘the Khilafah’ are roaming free with the dagger on their hands for 100 years now!
The destruction of the Islamic State did not commence in the year 1342 AH. Instead in that year it was the culmination of the evil plans designed by enemies of Islam for centuries. The first attempt was to obliterate the Islamic State in Madinah under the leadership of the Prophet (saw) by the invasion of the polytheists army led by Abu Sufyan ibn Harb before he became a Muslim. Their abortive attempt was supported by the internal agents amongst the Jews inside Madinah.
The animosity of the enemies of Islam was exacerbated by the first liberation of al-Quds during the reign of Khalifah (Caliph) Umar al-Faruq (ra) under the commander of Abu Ubaidah Ibn Al-Jarrah (ra) in 638 CE. This made enemies of Islam to become more vengeful. Their resentment led them to organize and launch the first crusade war under the leadership of Pope Urban II in the 11th century CE that led to the massacre of Muslims and their takeover of al-Quds. After 200 years the Muslim commander Salahuddin al-Ayyubi (rahimahullah) rose up against the crusaders and defeated them on 4th July 1187 CE at the Battle of Hattin. Hence, liberating al-Quds for the second time.
The Khilafah under the leadership of Muhammad al-Fateh defeated the Byzantine Empire and conquered Constantinople in the 15th century CE. Hence, fulfilling the prophecy from Rasulullah (saw): «لَتُفْتَحَنَّ الْقُسْطَنْطِينِيَّةُ فَلَنِعْمَ الْأَمِيرُ أَمِيرُهَا وَلَنِعْمَ الْجَيْشُ ذَلِكَ الْجَيْشُ»“You will open Constantinople, its Amir is the best Amir, and the best army is that army.” (Ahmad). Then Islam spread and knocked the gates of southern and eastern Europe. Multitudes of people from Albania, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia amongst other countries embraced Islam voluntarily. Then the Khilafah under Khalifah Sultan Sulaiman launched the Siege of Vienna in September - October 1529 CE.
After the Siege of Vienna, the Europeans felt threatened to their core. So, they resolved to unite and formed an alliance to stop the expansions of the Khilafah and destroy it completely i.e. Islam. The Europeans i.e. crusaders acknowledged that Muslims are undefeatable as long as they are firmly attached to their Islamic Aqeedah. In other words, as long as they adhere strictly to Qur’an and Sunnah. Hence, if they are to be successful in their monumental stratagem then they must keep Muslims further away from genuine Islam by culturing them with non-Islamic culture by establishing ‘missionary’ centers by the end of the 16th century CE.
They established the first missionary centers in Malta that served as their headquarters for missionary onslaught against Islam. The centers operated under the guise of educational and scientific institutions. Initially their effect on Muslims were minimal as the Khilafah was stable although declining. But, in the 18th and 19th century, the Khilafah’s state of declining was rapid and so the missionaries exploited the weaknesses and spread their evil thoughts and concepts to the people. So, they made Beirut their center of missionary activities in the 19th century.
The missionary work continued while at the same time Britain, France and Russia together launched separate offensives against the Uthmani Khilafah. Russia seized Crimea, Southern Ukraine and Northern Caucasus. Britain snatched Egypt, Sudan and India. France occupied North Africa. It was a dual scheme by the enemies of Islam such that by the end of the First World War it was only Turkey that remained and was under allied troops.
The missionaries had two main objects throughout their existence: one – separate the Arabs from the Uthmani Khilafah and second- separate the Muslims from the Islamic bond. They were being spearheaded by Britain and France amongst their other allies. They went further to form ‘Secret Associations’ in 1875 CE in Beirut to encourage Arab nationalism among the people via issuing of political independence declarations and leaflets especially to those living in Syria and Lebanon. On the other hand they stirred animosity towards Turks by alleging that they have snatched the authority from the Arabs and are violating the Islamic Shariah.
Simultaneously stimulated Turkish nationalism amongst the Turks. Hence, they formed The Young Turks movement in 1889 and ascended to power in 1908 then later exiling the Khalifah, Abdul-Hamid II. In addition, the call for Arab nationalism was achieved when Sharif Hussein a British agent from Makkah led an Arab revolt against the Uthmani Khilafah in 1916. The revolt led to the division of the lands of the Uthmani Khilafah and later placed under the British and French authority.
Britain nurtured Mustafa Kemal, the traitor and cursed by Allah (swt). In 1922, British Foreign Secretary, Lord Curzon coordinated the Lausanne Conference to discuss the conditions for Turkey’s independence. The conditions were: one- total abolishment of the Khilafah, two- exiling the Khalifah outside Turkey’s borders, three- confiscation of the Khilafah’s assets and four- declaration that Turkey has become a secular state. The Muslims in Turkey refused to meet the four conditions. Therefore, forcing Mustafa Kemal on 3rd March 1924 to use force and terrorize the people and passed the Abolition bill and paving the way for the Khilafah to be officially destroyed!
Britain and its allies recognized Turkey’s independence and together withdrew their troops that were stationed in Turkey. Members of the House of Commons protested the move and Lord Curzon responded by saying: “The situation now is that Turkey is dead and will never rise again, because we have destroyed its moral strength, the Caliphate and Islam.” He added, “We must put an end to anything which brings about any Islamic unity between the sons of the Muslims. As we have already succeeded in finishing off the Caliphate, so we must ensure that there will never arise again unity for the Muslims, whether it be intellectual or cultural unity.” Henceforth, the Western onslaught on Islam continues to date.
Britain and France represented by their diplomats Mark Sykes and Francois Georges –Picot divided the once One United Khilafah State into their puppet statelets and offered them to their agents in the Muslim world. The current Middle Eastern map is based on the whims of the two colonial envoys and remains to be their legacy over the former Khilafah! Since then the Muslim Ummah remains orphaned and drowning from crisis to crisis! Let this summary of events hasten our resolve and work to reestablish the Khilafah on the method of Prophethood.
Written for the Central Media Office of Hizb ut Tahrir by
Ali Nassoro Ali
Member of the Central Media Office of Hizb ut Tahrir