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Jurisprudence Questions

Jurisprudence Questions (88)

Ameer's Answer to Question Debt Guarantee with Compensation‎

Someone owes a large sum of money to a group of dealers. Another person offered to negotiate with these traders and expedite payment of their rights from his own pocket in return for lowering the value of the debt. The deductible amount shall then be distributed after the reduction by a certain percentage between him (mediator) and the debtor, i.e. the proportion between the mediator and the debtor shall be divided between them. Is this permitted?

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Ameer's Q & A: Hadiths on the Division of the Ummah

Our Amir, may Allah protect you, Assalam Alaikum wa Rahmatullah wa Barakatuhu. I spent a lot of effort to find the narration of the Hadith on the Ummah’s division in its second version (riwaya) which mentions "all in Paradise except one”; I read this narration that was authenticated by Al-Hakim as Ghareeb in expression, and Al-Maqdasi said about it that it is more authentic than the narration of "all are in the fire except one" which is more famous. If you have the time please guide me, and May Allah bless your knowledge and your time.

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Answer to Question: The Islamic Ruling on Bitcoin

A brother and I were talking about the Hukm regarding the buying and selling of cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, Ethereum, Dash, Ripple etc.)...Shariah ruling on several fronts, as follows: 1. Dealing with it, in buying and selling 2. Coining: "establishing new currencies" 3. Ruling of exchange between it and other tangible currencies?

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Ameer's Q & A: Queries on Usul Al-Fiqh

The topic: queries regarding Usul-ul-Fiqh
Firstly, I hope that I have not burdened you with these questions, especially as we acknowledge the magnitude of the burdens that you are carrying out, and the amount of responsibilities that you are undertaking. May Allah (swt) aid you, lead your steps on the straight path and give you and us the pleasure to witness the application of Allah’s law in the second Khilafah state (Caliphate).

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Answer to a Question: Zakat and Debts of the Father and Son

Question:

As Salaam Alaikum Wa Rahmatullah Wa Barakatuhu our honourable Sheikh, and warm greetings to you.

I have a question regarding Zakat and debts, I hope you have the time to answer my questions.

My father has a lot of debt. Now it is customary with us that we do not distinguish between the money or debts of the father and the son. That means his debts are also mine automatically and we both work to settle them. But how is this explained in Islamic law, especially from the perspective of Zakat? Is the debt on my father only and he is freed from the Zakat or do we both have to pay the debt?

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Answer to Questions 1- Disposal of Haram Funds 2- Deceit in Trade

 What is the evidence that he should put it in the interest of the Muslims as long as he is not the owner of this money in the Shariah, how is it allowed for him to dispose of it?

The second question: I work in the field of selling vegetables as a peddler. I buy from the market that is about forty kilometers away from me. Sometimes I find a blemish in the commodity ... It is customary that if the owner of the discount shop or the so-called "retailer" is asked to return an item because of the blemish, he will reduce the price of that commodity. If I returned the item on the same day, the transport costs would probably cost me more than the price. Is this indemnity i.e. the difference in the prices of the not defected and defected commodities, discount that we are asking forbidden to take?

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Answer to Question Shariah Punishments under Man-Made Systems

Should one wait for Khilafah to be re-established to ask for a death penalty? Assume that someone is living in a secular country, and he conducted a crime that is punishable by death under Shariah. If he wishes to be punished, is it correct, according to Shariah, if he asks for it to be carried out by, for example, trusted people?

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Answer to Question: In the Absence of the Islamic State to whom the Zakat should be Paid?

O our Sheikh, there is a disagreement; to whom the Zakat should be paid? Is it to the government while it is known that it does not spend it in its allocated expenditures, or is it distributed to the poor (Al-Fuqaraa) and the paupers (Al-Masakeen)? Please clarify with evidences. Jazak Allah Khair.

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